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Spitting cobras may have evolved unique venom to defend from ancient humans – The Conversation UK

A toxin unique to spitting cobras means their venom causes more pain than other snakes.

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Cobras are fascinating and frightening creatures. These snakes are most well known for their characteristic defence mechanism called hooding, when the sides of their neck flare out in a dramatic display.
However, hooding isnt the only defensive behaviour in a cobras arsenal. Some species of cobra have modified fangs with small, front facing orifices. These allow them to forcibly eject venom as a spray or spit, which can hit the eyes of a target up to 2.5 metres away. For this behaviour, they are…

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